Sometimes, others might not even know what they're saying is hurtful.
Challenging the language of classmates, teachers or people at work can have a massive impact on transphobia and homophobia, particularly if a group of people do it together. Creating spaces free from negative language is a big step in actively standing out against discrimination and bullying, and making sure other people realise that what they say can be hurtful.
If another student makes offensive comments you have the right to challenge them, or to ask your teacher to challenge them. This can happen in lots of different ways.
You won’t always get the response that you want - that’s pretty normal. The important thing is to keep going – attitudes may take a while to change, but the more you or others say it, the more likely it is that the message will eventually sink in.
LET PEOPLE KNOW
One way to challenge transphobia or homophobia is to place the responsibility back on the person making the comments. Sometimes, people might not even know that the things they're saying can be hurtful. For example, if someone makes a derogatory remark like "bisexuals are greedy or confused", you can let them know that actually, there are heaps of older bisexuals who are in committed relationships.
If someone makes a joke that you think it appropriate, asking them to explain why it's funny gets them to think about it too. "Oh, I don't really get it - can you explain it to me?"
If your teacher or someone in charge makes a homophobic or transphobia remark, this is a more serious issue, because you might not feel able to challenge them directly. When this happens you should make a record of exactly what they said or did and report it to someone in leadership – their manager, a principal or assistant principal – or someone else that you trust.
STOP “THAT’S SO GAY”
The phrase “that’s so gay” is often said without any thought about what it actually means. In reality, what a person is actually saying is “that’s so same sex attracted” – which doesn’t exactly make a lot of sense. Some people argue that they don’t mean it as an insult to people who might be gay or same sex attracted – but the fact is, using the word “gay” as a replacement for words like “crap” and “stupid” is saying that gay people are all those things.
There are lots of possible responses to a phrase like “that book is so gay”. You can point out the fact that “the book doesn’t actually have feelings for other books” so they’re not making any sense. You might want to remind them to “think before they speak” because they could be insulting people without even realising. You can even explain to them that when they use “gay” in place of words that mean “bad”, they sound like a homophobe.
Even if they don’t stop, other people around can see what you’re doing and will be getting the message too, so don’t give up.
Nobody likes it when people don’t respect who they are. It sounds simple, and it really should be. For trans and gender diverse students it can be hard to get everyone just to use the name and pronoun used by that person (e.g. he, she or they). It makes a massive difference if you can do this, and get everyone else to do it too. Schools need to be supportive if a student wants to change their name – people do it all the time – and should be just as supportive about changing a pronoun.
Students shouldn’t have to put up with questions or comments about their gender identity and the way they express it. The same goes for students who are intersex; just because someone has been open about their intersex status, it doesn’t mean they want to talk about it all the time.
If you have difficulty changing people’s language, you can report it to the school, or another adult. If all else fails and you still feel that your school has not done enough to challenge language, or respect students’ identities, you can check out one of the support organisations at the back of this guide.
If you or someone you know experiences discrimination, here's what you can do about it.